PomeranianThough they may only weigh seven pounds at most, this breed is packed with as much spirit and energy as any large-breed dog. Pomeranians are highly inquisitive and intelligent – they are eager to learn and often respond well to obedience training as long as they are started on training early. Though this breed can be very loyal and affectionate toward their human caretakers, Pomeranians may have trouble getting along with children and other dogs. With adequate socialization and training, however, Pomeranians can be a wonderful family pet.

Healthy specimens of this breed can be expected to live as long as sixteen years. Unfortunately, Pomeranians are prone to several health conditions ,such as congenital heart defects, patellar luxation, and eye disorders which may shorten the life span. Pet insurance may help you cover treatment and medications for these conditions.

Congenital Heart Defects
One of the most common congenital heart defects seen in Pomeranians is patent ductus arteriosus, or PDA. This is a condition in which the shunt that allows blood to pass from the right side of the heart to the left side fails to close, allowing a backflow of blood which can eventually lead to heart failure. This condition can be treated surgically for between $2,500 and $5,000.

Patellar Luxation
Skeletal problems like patellar luxation are fairly common in small breeds of dog and they often manifest before the age of six months. In a healthy dog, the patella, or knee cap, resides within the femoral groove but, in a dog with patellar luxation, the patella may intermittently slip or pop out of the joint. This condition often results in pain and early arthritis which, if left untreated, can progress to lameness. Surgical repairs for this condition usually cost between $1,200 and $4,000 per leg depending on the severity of the joint damage.

Eye Disorders
Cataracts and keratoconjuctivitis sicca, or dry eye, are two of the most common eye problems found in Pomeranians. A cataract is defined as opacity within the lens of the eye and it can result in partial or total loss of vision. Dogs that develop cataracts can adapt to a loss of vision but surgical repair options are also available for between $1,000 and $1,500. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or dry eye, is often a result of tear duct problems in Pomeranians and it may result in irritation, reddening of the surrounding tissue and even blindness. This condition can be treated with cyclosporine drops which cost anywhere from $30 to $100 per month depending on the dosage.

Disclaimer: Symptoms, conditions, and costs may vary. Consult a licensed veterinarian to inquire about treatment options and cost of care for your particular situation. Check actual coverage and benefits for your dog to determine whether you will be covered by pet insurance.